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Crowns And Bridges

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Crowns and bridges are great replacement options for partially damaged or missing teeth.

What are Crowns?

Crown also known as ‘cap’ is used to cover an already existing tooth that is greatly damaged or in danger of breakage. Crowns are also used to cover the implant screws.

Types of Dental Crowns

Based on the material there are four types of dental crowns

1) Ceramic Dental Crowns: Ceramic dental crowns are made up of ceramic based dental materials such as porcelain material. Porcelain is known for its natural translucent color, similar to the teeth. Because of its natural teeth color, it is widely use to prepare teeth that are more visible i:e front teeth however, it can also be use to prepare the posterior (back) teeth or as required.
2) Metal Crowns: As the name suggests, these crowns are made up of metal based alloys. These are non-corrosive, resistant to wear and strong in nature.
3) Gold Alloys: These crowns are made up of gold alloys. These gold crowns are strong in nature and resistant to wear.
4) Porcelain Fused Metallic Crowns: Porcelain fused metallic crowns are made up in a combination of porcelain material with metal base.

Indications for dental crowns

A dental professional will be able to recommend if an individual need a crown or not. However, some of the common indications are as follows

A root canal treated back tooth usually requires a crown
After placement of a dental implant, the screw must not be left empty. It should be cover with dental crown to restore the functions. After all, the main goal of an implant is to provide and restore chewing and speech functions with improve aesthetics.
Crowns can also be used to cover a fractured tooth, poorly shaped or discolored tooth.

What Are Dental Bridges?

A dental bridge is a fixed option which can be used to fill missing teeth. A dental bridge is basically a single unit with multiple crowns connected as a one piece. Dental bridges are supported by either by natural teeth or implants.

Dental bridges are made made up of variety of materials and in a combination of metals, porcelain, and gold.

Types of Dental Bridges

Dental bridges are available in three main types

1) Cantilever Bridges: These consist of two or three crowns supported to natural or implants on both sides with a free (pontic) tooth in between.
2) Maryland Bridges: It consists of wings made up of porcelain or metal on both sides bonded to the natural teeth and a crown in between.

Care for dental bridges and crowns

Crowns and bridges are expensive and do require specific attention and cleaning. Crowns and bridges should be cleaned thoroughly twice a day with brushing and flossing. The design of these both prosthetic devices is such that it collects the food debri and bacteria underneath. Inter-dental brushes and specialized bridge flosses can also be used to keep the bridges and crowns underneath. Dental visits should be maintained and followed regularly.